Cosmetic product classification:

Cosmetic product means a substance or mixture intended for application to various external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair, nails, lips and external genitalia) or to come into contact with teeth and mucous membranes of the oral cavity, in order to exclusively or mainly clean them, perfumes, beautifies (decorative cosmetics), removes unpleasant odors, protects and maintains in good condition.

There are three basic questions to consider when deciding whether a product can be legally classified as a cosmetic product:

  1. Purpose: whether the purpose of the product is entirely or mainly cosmetic, ie. whether it is intended to cleanse, perfume, beautify, correct unpleasant body odors, protect and maintain in good condition (care).
  2. Place of application: whether the product is intended for: epidermis, hair,
    nails, lips, oral cavity, external genitalia.
  3. Composition: whether the composition of the product is in accordance with the Regulations and regulations on cosmetics.

CLAIMS (Directive 655/2013)

The classification of a product often depends on the claims made by the manufacturer for that product. This is especially the case with the so- called marginal products, where products have the characteristics of more than one product category, so they are difficult to classify. Cosmetic products can be on the border with medical devices, drugs, biocides, toys, etc. According to Regulation 1223/2009, cosmetic products should have exclusively or mainly the function of cleaning, perfuming, changing the appearance, protection, maintenance in good condition. condition or correction of body odors. The intended function, inter alia, does not include products that are shown to have properties for treating or preventing disease in humans. Therefore, it is not allowed to mention or visually present any disease on the label of cosmetic products, as well as the use of words or phrases that represent medical intent.


It is not enough for a product to be just a substance or a mixture and to have the right place of application, purpose and claims, but it must also have the right composition. Cosmetic products should not contain certain prohibited ingredients (listed in Annex II of Regulation 1223/2009), adhere to the guidelines on restricted substances (restrictions are listed in Annex III), and must comply with the color requirements (Annex IV), preservatives (Annex V) and UV filters (Annex VI).

Classes of cosmetic products are:

creams, emulsions, lotions, gels and oils for the skin,
face masks,
tinted bases (liquids, pastes, powders),
makeup powders,
powders after bathing,
hygienic powders,
toilet soaps,
deodorant soaps,
perfumes, eau de toilette and cologne,
bath and shower preparations (salts, foams, oils, gels),
deodorants and antiperspirants,
hair dyes,
products for lubricating, straightening and fixing hair,
hair strengthening products,
hair cleaning products (lotions, powders, shampoos),
hair regeneration products (lotions, creams, oils),
hairdressing products (lotions, varnishes, diamonds),
shaving products (creams, foams, lotions),
make-up and make-up removal products,
products intended for application to the lips,
dental and oral care products,
nail and make-up products,
products for external intimate hygiene,
sunscreen products,
sunscreen products without sun,
skin whitening products,
anti-wrinkle products